• Country Facts Iceland is a mountainous island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, located between Europe and North America. Though it is not part of the continental mainland, the country is considered as European. Only 10% of Iceland, Land of the Midnight Sun, is covered by glaciers. This land of breathtaking landscapes, boiling mud pools, geysers, glaciers and waterfalls is perfect for the adventurous. Iceland is the least densely populated country in Europe. Summers are warm, with days lengthening until midsummer. During winter, the colorful lights of the Aurora Borealis in the night sky are amazing (if you're lucky!).
    Capital: Reykjavic
    Official Languages: Icelandic
    Government: Parliamentary Republic
    Currency: Icelandic Krona
    Time Zone: GMT ( 5:30 hrs behind India)
    Summer (Daylight-Saving) Time is not observed in Iceland.
    Telephone Calling Code: 00354
    Climate: The climate of Iceland's coast is subpolar oceanic, tempered by the Gulf Stream. The south coast is warmer, wetter and windier than the north. The Central Highlands are the coldest part of the country. Low-lying inland areas in the north are the most arid. Snowfall in winter is more common in the north. Summers are mild and winters cold.
  • When To Go Best time to visit: The best time to visit Iceland is from late May to early September. May through June, is the perfect time to experience the natural phenomenon known as the 'Midnight Sun'. Winter begins from November till April. February is the coldest month. The Aurora Borealis is visible from October to March in various areas. Between October and January, daylight hours dwindle to 3 or 4 hours a day.

  • What To Do Important parts of Icelandic cuisine are lamb, dairy, and fish, due to Iceland's proximity to the ocean. Popular foods include: What to eat and drink Skyr: A kind of strained yoghurt.
    Hangikjöt: Icelandic smoked lamb or mutton, usually boiled and served either hot or cold in slices served with potatoes in béchamel sauce and green peas.
    Kleina: is an Icelandic fried pastry.
    Laufabrauð: a traditional kind of bread most often eaten in the Christmas season.
    Þorramatur: a selection of traditional Icelandic food, consisting mainly of meat and fish products cured in a traditional manner.
    Fish: Icelanders eat mostly haddock, plaice, halibut, herring and shrimp.
    Snúður: a type of cinnamon roll.
    Skúffukaka: a single-layer chocolate cake.
    Brennivín: a brand of schnapps that is considered to be Iceland's signature liquor. Shopping The traditional Icelandic lopapeysa, a knitted wool sweater, scarves, gloves, hats and blankets. Beautifully crafted pottery and glass. Outdoor wear, haute couture. Jewellery in Celtic and Norse patterns.
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