Overview: This tour covers all the beauty that makes Baku unique: from the UNESCO World Heritage Old City and the soaring Flame Towers to world-class museums, mud volcanoes and eternal flames. This natural phenomenon in Surakhani village was a place of worship of Zoroastrians thousands of years ago.
A few centuries later, Indian pilgrims decided to build a new temple. Built in the 17th and 18th centuries, the Ateshgah Temple was a place of pilgrimage for fire-worshipping pilgrims until the 1880s. Today, Ateshgah is an open-air museum.
After this, tourists also visit Yanardag in Mammadli village to watch the eternal flame. Described in the memoirs of Marco Polo in the 13th century, this natural flame continues to fascinate visitors to the volcano.
Mud Volcanoes of Baku
Duration: Full day
Overview: Home to the world's greatest concentration of mud volcanoes, the landscape around Baku might be described as messy, bubbling, and sometimes explosive. There are nearly 400 mud volcanoes but usually they never grow to the size of a normal volcano, topping out at around 10 kilometres in diameter and 700 metres in height (among the largest mud volcanoes in the world are Boyuk Kanizadag and Toraghai, both in Azerbaijan), they do occasionally get the chance to show off.
They occur where tectonic movement allows subterranean gases to escape to the surface. A few of these are constantly on fire, shooting small perpetual flames into the air, and are strongly connected to the appearance of Zoroastrianism in Azerbaijan about 2,000 years ago. The most popular site entails a 1.5-hour drive from Baku to the mud volcanoes at Dashgil near the Gobustan Reserve. Entrance is free, however a short taxi ride from the Gobustan Reserve may cost about 20 AZN.
Azerbaijan Carpet Museum
Duration: 2 to 3 hours
Overview: The Carpet Museum, on Seaside Boulevard and is one of the modern architectural wonders of the country. It is in the form of a folded carpet! One of the largest collections of carpets in the world (more than 6000!) has been collected here.
At the museum, you can watch carpets being woven, and get acquainted with a variety of carpets made in different periods. View hundreds of amazing examples belonging to seven carpet schools.
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