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Country Facts

Iceland is a mountainous island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, located between Europe and North America. Though it is not part of the continental mainland, the country is considered as European. Only 10% of Iceland, Land of the Midnight Sun, is covered by glaciers. This land of breathtaking landscapes, boiling mud pools, geysers, glaciers and waterfalls is perfect for the adventurous. Iceland is the least densely populated country in Europe. Summers are warm, with days lengthening until midsummer. During winter, the colorful lights of the Aurora Borealis in the night sky are amazing(if you're lucky!).

  • Capital: Reykjavic
  • Official Languages: Icelandic
  • Government: Parliamentary Republic
  • Currency: Icelandic Krona
  • Time Zone: GMT ( 5:30 hrs behind India)
  • Summer (Daylight-Saving) Time is not observed in Iceland.
  • Telephone Calling Code: 00354
  • Climate: The climate of Iceland's coast is subpolar oceanic, tempered by the Gulf Stream. The south coast is warmer, wetter and windier than the north. The Central Highlands are the coldest part of the country. Low-lying inland areas in the north are the most arid. Snowfall in winter is more common in the north. Summers are mild and winters cold.

When To Go

Best time to visit: The best time to visit Iceland is from late May to early September. May through June, is the perfect time to experience the natural phenomenon known as the 'Midnight Sun'. Winter begins from November till April. February is the coldest month. The Aurora Borealis is visible from October to March in various areas. Between October and January, daylight hours dwindle to 3 or 4 hours a day.

What To Do

Important parts of Icelandic cuisine are lamb, dairy, and fish, due to Iceland's proximity to the ocean. Popular foods include:

What to eat and drink
  • Skyr: A kind of strained yoghurt.
  • Hangikjöt: Icelandic smoked lamb or mutton, usually boiled and served either hot or cold in slices served with potatoes in béchamel sauce and green peas.
  • Kleina: is an Icelandic fried pastry.
  • Laufabrauð: a traditional kind of bread most often eaten in the Christmas season.
  • Þorramatur: a selection of traditional Icelandic food, consisting mainly of meat and fish products cured in a traditional manner.
  • Fish: Icelanders eat mostly haddock, plaice, halibut, herring and shrimp.
  • Snúður: a type of cinnamon roll.
  • Skúffukaka: a single-layer chocolate cake.
  • Brennivín: a brand of schnapps that is considered to be Iceland's signature liquor.

The traditional Icelandic lopapeysa, a knitted wool sweater, scarves, gloves, hats and blankets. Beautifully crafted pottery and glass. Outdoor wear, haute couture. Jewellery in Celtic and Norse patterns.



Travel Tips



By Air

Iceland is very well connected via any European point like Amsterdam, Paris, and Frankfurt…. Some of the best connections are offered by Air France, KLM, Jet Airways along with Iceland Air for out of Europe connections for the Indian passengers. Domestic airlines provide daily flights between Reykjavík and most major destinations.

However, from December, 2018 WOW Airways of Iceland will fly direct from Delhi to Reykjavik Airport in Iceland.


Getting around in Iceland is easy, but travelers should always take precaution.


The car is the most common mode of transport and car rental agencies can be found in most major towns. Beware that Iceland's beautiful and rugged landscape also contains some difficulties for the driver. Drive carefully and monitor the weather forecast, especially during winter. Large portion of the Icelandic road system is made up of gravel roads, particularly in the highlands.


Iceland has no railways.


Bus companies cover the country with their network.


There is also a number of ferry services connecting ports.

  • When travelling in Iceland you should bring along lightweight woolens, a sweater or cardigan, a rainproof (weatherproof) coat, and sturdy walking shoes. Travelers who are camping or heading into the interior will need warm underwear and socks, rubber boots, and a warm sleeping bag.
  • If you don't like the weather, just wait five minutes. Sudden weather changes are common, and travelers should prepare accordingly.
  • Icelanders often remove their shoes indoors. Pack flip-flops or slippers for indoors.
  • It is, however, an absolute mandatory hygiene and etiquette rule to wash thoroughly with soap before donning your swimsuit to enter their hot springs and pools. Most pools are untreated with chemicals, so cleanliness is a real factor.

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